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Glossary

Glossary Many proper names are listed under this glossary with the link reference. These include names of places, people, festivals, organisations, and sacred texts. A Adi Shankara – well-known theologian and founder of the advaita school. Also called Adi Shankaracharya. Advaita – non-dualism, the name of the theology equating the soul with God. Advaitin – […]

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06. THE TEN AVATARS

6. THE TEN AVATARS The ten incarnations of Vishnu are a recurrent theme in Vedic history. Vishnu exists outside the material realm as the creator, and he exists within every being as the Supersoul. He also enters this world as avatar, ‘one who descends’, to restore balance whenever his presence is needed. His descent is […]

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Incarnation 07 Rama – The Monarch

Incarnation 7 Rama – The Monarch Millions of years ago in the land of India there lived a king called Dasharath. His capital was Ayodhya and from there he ruled his kingdom with his three queens. At around the same time, all of these queens became pregnant. Two of them each delivered a male child, […]

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STO-205 – Shravana Kumar (devotion to parents)

STO-205-sec Once upon a time, there was a couple who yearned for a child and prayed to God to send them a son. Since they were both very pious, God listened to them and soon they were blessed with a baby boy. They were full of joy and named him Shravan Kumar. The boy grew […]

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(P) The Story of Rama and Sita

STO-703 A long, long time ago there lived in India a prince called Rama. His kingdom was Koshala and the capital city was called Ayodhya. Rama had three brothers. His favourite was called Lakshman. When he grew up, Rama married the most beautiful princess, named Sita. By trickery, Rama was sent into the forest. Sita […]

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(P) the Seventh Avatar; Rama the Monarch

STO-307 Millions of years ago in the land of India there lived a king called Dasharath. His capital was Ayodhya and from there he ruled his kingdom with his three queens. At around the same time, all of these queens became pregnant. Two of them each delivered a male child, and the third gave birth […]

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(P) The Golden Deer (from the Ramayana)

STO-216 Rama, Sita and Lakshman were living happily in the forest. The three companions didn’t miss palace life, for they were happy to live close to nature and to have the company of the saints who lived there. However, a wicked king had already heard of Sita’s beauty. His name was Ravana and he was […]

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(E) Shravana Kumar (devotion to parents)

STO-205 Once upon a time, there was a couple who yearned for a child and prayed to God to send them a son. Since they were both very pious, God listened to them and soon they were blessed with a baby boy. They were full of joy and named him Shravan Kumar. The boy grew […]

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Hanuman

Download PDF: PCT-307 Hanuman is often worshipped with Rama and Sita, but also alone. He is the patron deity of wrestlers, other sportsmen and soldiers. Hanuman embodies courage and physical strength, and simultaneously humility and devotion to duty. He can assume any form at will and can leap great distances. Hanuman is one of the […]

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Rama

Download PDF: PCT-306 Rama appeared as the seventh of the ten incarnations of Vishnu, and one of the two most important (the other is Krishna) Rama represents the monarchical aspect of the Supreme. He is renowned for his devotion to dharma (duty) even in the face of great adversity. He is considered the perfect son, […]

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2. The Festival of Diwali

Download PDF: PCT-002 Diwali Diwali is an Indian word. It means ‘a row of lights’. Diva is the word for light, or lamp. Diwali is the biggest Hindu festival. For most Hindus, it is the New Year. Diwali celebrates the story of Rama and Sita. Rama is one of the forms of God (Vishnu) when […]

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10. Rama, Sita and Hanuman

Download PDF: PCT-010 Rama, Sita & Hanuman King Rama lived a long, long time ago; so long ago its hard to count! Rama lived in India. His kingdom was called Koshala. The capital city was called Ayodhya. Rama had three step-brothers. His favourite was called Lakshman. Rama married the most beautiful princess. She was named […]

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ART-1203 The Life of Ramanuja (1017 – 1137 CE)

Word document download: ART-1203 Ramanuja is one of the three preeminent Vedantic theologians; the others are Madhva and Shankara.  Shri Ramanuja is known as the greatest exponent of Vishishtadvaita Vedanta (qualified monism). He appeared around 1017 A.D in a pious brahmana family. His birthplace is a small village some 25 miles southwest of Madras (now […]

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ART-0528 Udupi: The Town of the Beautiful Deity of Baby Krishna

Word document download: ART-0528 This town is central to the followers of Madhva (see Teachers’ Book, pages 137-138, 134). The main temple in Udupi is called the “Shri Krishna Matha”, where Lord Krishna in his baby form (Bala Krishna) is worshipped. This deity was made from a shalagram-shila (a deity self-manifested from stone) by Lord […]

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ART-0524 Rishikesh: The Land of Rishis (Saints)

Word document download: ART-0524 Rishikesh is largely connected with meditation and related groups. Refer to the Teachers’ Book, pages 44, 59 and 145. Rishikesh is a very peaceful town, and it is famous as a place to study yoga and meditation. The town got its name when Raibhya Rishi performed tapasya (austerities) there. Lord Hrishikesh, […]

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ART-0518 Nasik: One of the Four Kumbha Melas

Word document download: ART-0518 Nasik is one of the four main Kumbha Mela sites (see Teacher’s Book page 72). Lord Rama stayed here with his wife Sita and his brother Lakshman for some time during his fourteen year exile in the forest. Lakshman cut off the nose of Surpanaka, the younger sister of Ravana – […]

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ART-0512 Kurma-kshetra: The land of the Tortoise Incarnation

Word document download: ART-0512 This site is important to the Vaishnava traditions (especially the Shri Vaishnavas and the Gaudiya Vaishnavas). The story of Lord Kurma can be found on the CD-Rom, code number STO-302. There is a temple here dedicated to Lord Kurma, the tortoise incarnation of the Lord. This temple is said to be […]

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HINDU FESTIVALS

Word document download: FCT-0401 Hinduism almost certainly has a longer list of festivals than any other religion. Everyday of the year, someone somewhere is celebrating a Hindu festival. For this reason, we cannot list them all here, but will concentrate on a few major ones. Pongal (January 14th or one day on either side) In […]

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ART-0501 Ayodhya

Download article ‘ART-0501 Ayodhya’ as word document Ayodhya: The Place of Lord Ramachandra This site is especially sacred to devotees of Rama, but has been more recently the focus of political unrest. For more information, see the Teachers’ Book, pages 50-52, 129, 142. According to tradition, Lord Ramachandra appeared in Ayodhya many thousands – some […]

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ART-1211. Pushti Marg

Download article ‘ART-1211. Pushti Marg’ as word document About the Pushti Marg Sampradaya “Pushtimarg” translates as ‘the path of nourishment, and refers to a five hundred year old tradition founded by Vallabha (or Vallabhacharya). This tradition is well represented in the UK, although it is somewhat inconspicuous as there are few (if any) temples solely […]